Wwf, la plastica monouso costituisce il 50% dei rifiuti marini – Economia

circa 80% of waste Existing in European shores consisting of plastic and 50% From marine litter from disposable plastic. For this reason, the WWF considers an “important milestone in the fight against plastic pollution” the entry into force of new rules on single-use plastics in Italy, as a result of the implementation of European Directive Sup (Single-use plastics) 2019/904, which bans some single-use products in common use.

However, the association warns, it is important that “Non-adherence to compostable bioplastic does not lead to replacement tout court of traditional plastic. All disposables, including bioplastics, should be significantly reduced and used only if reusable alternatives are not accessible and only when it can be given to a circuit that properly manages its end of life.”

The WWF explains that the Italian implementation actually introduces an impressive element of modernity compared to the European script: Exemption for single-use items in biodegradable plastics and compost Compliant with the European standard Uni En 13432. To this should be added the exception, from the scope of the Directive, for products with plastic coatings weighing less than 10% of the entire product (eg plates, eyeglasses, paper and pictured plastic containers).

Among the things that They can no longer be placed on the Italian market, there are plates, cutlery, straws, drink cutters, balloon poles and containers for food and drinks made of polystyrene. Foam covers and lids and relative. In a press release, the World Wildlife Fund explains, these bans are additional rules to reduce consumption of cups and mugs (the latter being an Italian novelty, as they are not included in the European directive), including lids, lids and containers. , with or without a lid, for foods that are eaten at once or taken away, straight from the container and without further preparation (examples are ready-made salad boxes and fast food foods).

There are more ambitious targets for bottles, both for separate collection and for the use of increasing amounts of recycled materials for their production (25% recycled PET by 2025 and at least 30% by 2030), as well as mechanisms for extended manufacturer responsibility also for other items Such as cigarette filters, wet wipes, feminine hygiene items, and fishing gear. The decree also states thatNew labeling requirements, to inform consumers about the plastics present in products, correct/incorrect disposal practices and the damage they can cause if thrown into the environment, and to set penalties for those who do not respect the rules dictated by the ministry.

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