Marzio Breda, “The State of Cape Denza” (Marsilio, p. 224 18 EURO) – “I paved the way for them all and now no one stops them anymore. Did you know that Scalfaro told me I was right? That the head of state has a lot of powers and if he can use them it’s because I opened the same thing happened to me with Ciampi. And anyone who gets up there is He will make the same discovery. It will be powerful thanks to the formula that has kept Quirinale upright, and with it Italy: ours is so high, so opaque, undefined and imprecise.” This highly personal trust of Francesco Cossiga in the Quirinalete Corriere della Sera has focused at least thirty years of reflection on the role and powers of the President of the Republic. It is precisely the realization that Quirinale is a place with “very high and very vague” powers that moves the pen of Corriere della Sera’s Quirinalist expert, Marzio Breda, in his very current book Heads Without a State (published by Marsilio) The Activities of Five Heads of State.
“In the past thirty years, I have personally been able to verify this evolutionary process, following five heads of state while I, having expanded the ‘accordion’ of the powers they had, experienced an unresolved political, economic and social transformation,” Breda writes in her beautiful introduction.
The book has three keys for writing and therefore for reading. It is a book of testimony because I tell the stories and episodes that Breda has seen on the public as well as the private stage.
“A luxury I allow myself because with all five presidents (only a little less with Mattarella, due to their closed nature) I had personal relationships when they were in office and when they were senators for life,” recalls the journalist and analyst.
It is also a book of historical reconstruction, because in the volume the major political events that have marked the different Presidencies are brought together, to make us understand some of the choices Quirinale made in these thirty years. Finally, it is a book of constitutional political analysis, for the author explains how far the presidents have gone, expanding more and more the “accordionists” of their powers, at times turning themselves into Italian “crisis pilots” and imposing increasingly penetrating the political direction of governments or even becoming “chief magistrates”. ”, as was said when Berlusconi was in fact chasing some kind of absolute prime minister and Scalfaro, like Ciampi, tried to stop him.
Two examples, among many, of their conversion: 1) When Napolitano created a commission of wise men in the Quirinale to study the reforms needed by the country. 2) When always form a similar committee to study a government program. Either way, it was certainly a way to buy time, on the part of the self-proclaimed “solutions facilitator,” on the part of the president, but these options transcended any constitutional precedent. But other examples could be those of laws issued “by notes” (that is, “with a reservation”, to be corrected later), an absolute novelty which Napolitano and then Mattarella also used to avoid painful rejection by reference to the Chambers … and so on … not to mention doubts The legality raised by the re-election of Napolitano .. a book that will be read in the last weeks. A guide for the voters who will decide the new president of the republic who will “rule” for seven years. (Dealing).
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